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Check Six: Fort Kamehameha

April 26, 2019

From the Images of Old Hawaii website

Fort Kamehameha | click to enlarge

From 1890 to 1905, the United States undertook a massive program to modernize its coastal defenses. Known as the Endicott era; the huge construction program resulted in all the major harbors being fortified with newly designed steel guns ranging in size from 3 to 12 inches in diameter of bore and 12-inch, breech-loading mortars.

The gun emplacements were constructed with reinforced concrete and had huge earthen or sand parapets in front. Bombproof magazines were placed far underground.

In 1908 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was in the midst of constructing O‘ahu armored fortifications in accordance with the recommendations of the joint board.

These weapons were to be emplaced within new military reservations that were eventually named Forts Armstrong, Kamehameha, DeRussy and Ruger.

Established in 1909, Fort Kamehameha played an important role within a system of coastal defenses of the Army Coast Artillery Corps that served as a key component of the national defense of the United States in the early 20th century.

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As you drive to the 154th Wing compound, Battery Hasbrouck on your right as you past the sewer treatment plant. Further along on Seaman Avenue, you past Battery Hawkins on the right where it transitions to Malama Bay Drive. Hawaii Air National Guard members will recognize Batteries Jackson and Selfridge, both within the 154th Wing compound.

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